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Papers in Reviewed Journals

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Hackel, S.P., Nellis, G.F., Klein, S.A., "Optimization of Cooling Dominated Hybrid Ground Coupled Heat Pump Systems RP#1384", ASHRAE Transactions, paper TRNS-00116-2008. (2009)

Park, J.M., Taylor, R.P., Evans, A.T., Brosten, T.R., Nellis ,G.F., Klein, S.A., Feller, J.R., Salerno, L. and B. Gianchandani, Y.B, "A Piezoelectric Microvalve for Cryogenic Applications," J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 18, (2008)

Aljuwayhel, N.F., Reindl, D.T., Klein, S.A. and Nellis, G.F., "Experimental Investigation Of the Performance of Industrial Evaporator Coils Operating Under Frosting Conditions" Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vo. 31, Issue 1,pp. 98-106, Jan. (2008)

Brosten, T.R., Park, J.M., Evans, A.T., Rasmussen, K, Nellis ,G.F., Klein, S.A., Feller, J.R., Salerno, L. and B. Gianchandani, Y.B, "A Numerical Flow Model and Experimental Results of A Cryogenic Micro-Valve for Distributed Cooling Applications," Cyrogenics, Vol. 47, Issues 9-10, pp. 501-509, September-October, (2007)

Arias, D.A., McMahan, A.C. and Klein, S.A., "Sensitivity of Long-Term Performance Simulations of Solar Energy System to the Degree of Stratification in the Thermal Storage Unit," Int. J. of Energy Research, Vol. 32, Issue 3, pp. 242-254, June, (2007)

Aljuwayhel, N.F., Reindl, D.T., Klein, S.A. and Nellis, G.F., "Comparison of Parallel- and Counter-flow Circuiting in an Industrial Evaporator Under Frosting Conditions," Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vol. 30, Issue 8, pp. 1347-1357, December, (2007)

B. F. Lachner, G. Nellis, and D. Reindl, "The Commercial Feasibility of the Use of Water Vapor as a Refrigerant," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 30, pp. 699-708, (2007)

John J. Dyreby, Greg F. Nellis, and Kevin T. Turner, "Simulating fluid flow in lithographically directed, evaporation driven self-assembly systems," Microelectronic Engineering, Vol. 84, Issues 5-8, pp. 1519-1522, (2007).

W. Zhu, M.J. White, D.W. Hoch, G.F. Nellis, S.A. Klein, Y.B. Gianchandani, "Two Approaches to Micromachining Si Heat Exchangers for Joule-Thomson Cryosurgical Probes," Proc. IEEE MEMS, Kobe Japan, pp. 317-320, (2007)

Edwards, K.R, Klein, S.A., and Reindl, D.T., "Energy Monitoring and Building Simulation of a University Laboratory Research Facility," ASHRAE Transactions, Paper LB-07-032, (2007)

Engelbrecht, K., Nellis, G.F., S. Klein, S.A. and Zimm, C. B., "Recent Developments in Room Temperature Active Magnetic Regenerative Refrigeration," HVAC&R Research, No. 4 pp. 525-542, July, (2007)

McMahan, A., Klein, S.A., and Reindl, D.T., "A Finite-Time Thermodynamic Framework for Optimizing Solar-Thermal Power Plants," ASME Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Vol. 129, Issue 4, pp. 355-362, (2007)

Maytal, B.Z., Nellis, G.F., Klein, S.A., and Pfotenhauer, J.M., "Elevated-pressure mixed coolants Joule-Thomson cryocooling, Cryogenics, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 55-67, (2006)

Munirathna Padmanaban, Andrew Romano, Guanyang Lin, Simon Chiu, Allen Timko, Frank Houlihan, Dalil Rahman, Ralph R. Dammel, Karen Turnquest, Georgia Rich, Scott D. Schuetter, Timothy A. Shedd, and Gregory A. Nellis, "Responding to the challenge: materials design for immersion lithography," Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology, Vol. 19, No. 4, April, pp. 23002-1-9, (2006).

S. Schuetter, T. Shedd, G. Nellis, A. Romano, R. Dammel, M. Padmanaban, F. Houlihan, A. Krawicz, G. Lin, D. Rahman, S. Chakrapani, M. Neisser, and C. Van Peski, "Effect of Resist Surface Characteristics on Film-Pulling Velocity in Immersion Lithography," Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, Vol. 24, No. 6, Nov., pp. 2798-2802, (2006).

H. M. Skye, D. W. Hoch, G. F. Nellis, J. R. Maddocks, S. A. Klein, T. Roberts, and T. Davis, "Rectified Continuous Flow Loop for the Thermal Management of Large Structures," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, AIP, Melville, NY, Vol. 51, pp. 1809-1818, (2006).

H. M. Skye, D. W. Hoch, G. F. Nellis, J. R. Maddocks, S. A. Klein, T. Roberts, and T. Davis, "Rectified Continuous Flow Loop for the Thermal Management of Large Structures," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, AIP, Melville, NY, Vol. 51, pp. 1809-1818, (2006).

S. Potratz, G. F. Nellis, J. R. Maddocks, A. Kashani, B. P. M. Helvensteijn, G. L. Rhoads, and B. Flake, "Development of a Large-Capacity, Stirling-Type, Pulse-Tube Cryocooler," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, AIP, Melville, NY, Vol. 51, pp. 3-10, (2006).

J. L. Shi, J. M. Pfotenhauer, and G. F. Nellis, "Design Model for a Two-stage Pulse Tube Cooler," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, AIP, Melville, NY, Vol. 51, pp. 329-336, (2006).

J. C. Evans, J. R. Maddocks, A. Kashani, D. W. Hoch, G. F. Nellis, B. Flake, T. Roberts, and T. Davis, "Progress towards a Pulse Tube/Reverse-Brayton Hybrid Cryocooler," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, AIP, Melville, NY, Vol. 51, pp. 1481-1488, (2006).

J. R. Maddocks, A. Kashani, B. P. Helvensteijn, D. W. Hoch, G. F. Nellis, J. A. Corey, E. L. James, G. L. Rhoads, "Performance of a GM Cryocooler with Oil-Free Linear Compressor," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, AIP, Melville, NY, Vol. 51, pp. 696-703, (2006).

R. Radebaugh, M. Lewis, E. Luo, J. M. Pfotenhauer, G. F. Nellis, and L. A. Schunk, "Inertance Tube Optimization for Pulse Tube Refrigerators," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, AIP, Melville, NY, Vol. 51, pp. 59-70, (2006).

Engelbrecht, K., G. Nellis G.F., and S. Klein, S.A., "Predicting the Performance of an Active Magnetic Regenerator Refrigerator used for Space Cooling and Refrigeration," Journal of Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Vol. 12, No. 4, October, (2006).

Nellis, G.F., and Klein, S.A., Regenerative Heat Exchanger with Significant Entrained Fluid Heat Capacity, Int. J. of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 49, Issues 1-2, pp. 329-340, (2006)

Englebrecht, K.L, Nellis, G.F., and Klein, S.A., "The Effect of Internal Temperature Gradients on Regenerator Matrix Performance," ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 128, p. 1060, (2006)

Fredrickson, K., Nellis, G.F., and Klein, S.A., "A Design Method for Mixed Gas Joule-Thompson Refrigeration Cryosurgical Probes," Intl. J. of Refrigeration, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 700-715, 2006

Braun, R.J. Klein, S.A., and Reindl, D.T., "Evaluation of system configurations for solid oxide fuel cell-based micro-combined heat and power generators in residential applications", ASME Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 158, pp. 1290-1305, (2006)

Skye, H.M., Nellis, G.F., and Klein, S.A. , "Comparison of CFD Analysis to Empirical Data in a Commercial Vortex Tube, Intl. J. of Refrigeration, Vol. 29, Issue 1, pp. 71-80, (2006)

DeSoto, W, Klein, S.A., and Beckman, W.A., "Improvement and validation of a model for photovoltaic array performance," Solar Energy, Vol 80, No. 1, pp. 78-88, (2006)

M. El-Morsi, G. Nellis, S. Schuetter, C. Van Peski, and A. Grenville, "Full Wafer Simulation of Immersion Fluid Heating," Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 2596-2600, Nov/Dec (2005).

Klein, S.A. and Reindl, D.T., "Solar Refrigeration", ASHRAE Journal, September, pp. S26-S30, (2005)

Hoffenbecker, N, Klein, S.A. and Reindl, D.T., "Hot Gas Defrost Model Development and Validation:, Intl. J. of Refrigeration, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp.605-615, (2005)

Vijaykumar, G., Kummert, M., Klein, S.A., and Beckman, W.A., "Analysis of Short-Term Solar Radiation data", Solar Energy Journal, Vol. 79, No. 5, pp. 495-504, (2005)

Aljuwayhel, N.F., Nellis, G.F., and Klein, S.A., "Parameteric and Internal Study of the Vortex Tube using a CFD Model, Intl. J. of Refrigeration, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp.442-450, (2005)

T. Martens, G. F. Nellis, J. M. Pfotenhauer, and T. M. Jahns, "Double Sided IPEM Cooling using Miniature Heat Pipes," IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 852-861, December (2005).

G. F. Nellis, and J. M. Pfotenhauer, "An Analytical Solution for Heat Exchangers Subjected to a Uniform, Distributed Load," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 127, pp. 1071-1073, (2005).

G. F. Nellis, C. B. Hughes, and J. M. Pfotenhauer, "Heat Transfer Coefficient Measurements for Mixed Gas Working Fluids at Cryogenic Temperatures," Cryogenics, Vol. 45, No. 8, pp. 546-556, August, (2005).

S. Y. Baek, A. Wei, D. C. Cole, G. F. Nellis, M. Yeung, A. Abdo, and R. L. Engelstad, "Simulation of the Coupled Thermal/Optical Effects for Liquid Immersion Nanolithography," Journal of Microlithography, Microfabrication, and Microsystems, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 13002-1-11, Jan. (2005).

H. Burnett, T. Shedd, G. Nellis, M. El-Morsi, R. Engelstad, S. Garoff and K. Varanasi, "Control of the Receding Meniscus in Immersion Lithography" To appear in Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B Nov/Dec, (2005)

H. B. Burnett, A. C. Wei, M. S. El-Morsi, T. A. Shedd, G. F. Nellis, C. Van Peski, A. Grenville, "Modeling and experimental investigation of bubble entrapment for flow over topography during immersion lithography" To appear in the Journal of Microlithography, Microfabrication and Microsystems, (2005)

Abdo, A., Nellis, G. F., Wei, A., El-Morsi, M., Engelstad, R. L., Brueck, S. R. J., and Neumann, A., "Optimizing the Fluid Dispensing Process for Immersion Lithography" Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Vol. 22, pp. 3454-3458, Nov/Dec, (2004)

Abdo, A., Schuetter, S., Nellis, G. F., Wei, A., Engelstad, R. L., and Truskett, V., "Predicting the Fluid Behavior during the Dispensing Process for Step-and-Flash Imprint Lithography" Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Vol. 22, Nov/Dec, pp. 3279-3282, (2004)

Aljuwayhel, N. F., Nellis, G. F., and Klein, S. A., "Parametric and Internal Study of the Vortex Tube using a CFD Model" Int. J. Refrig., Vol. 28, pp. 442-450, (2004)

Braun, R. J., Klein, S. A., and Reindl, D. T., "Considerations in the Design and Application of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Energy Systems in Residential Markets" ASHRAE Trans., Vol. 110, Pt. 1, (2004)

Burkholder, F. W., Beckman, W. A., Klein, S. A., and Reindl, D. T., Earl, D. D., and Muhs, J. D., "Trnsys Modeling Of A Hybrid Lighting System: Building Energy Loads and Chromaticity Analysis", Solar Energy, Vol. 76, No. 4, pp. 359-368, (2004)

Freund, S., Klein, S. A., and Reindl, D. T., "Energy Savings Potential of Energy Recovery Ventilation in an Animal Housing Facility" ASHRAE Trans., Vol. 110, Pt. 1, (2004)

Keppler, F., Nellis, G. F., and Klein, S. A., "Optimization of the Composition of a Gas Mixture in a Joule-Thomson Cycle," HVAC&R Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 213-230, (2004)

Wei, A., El-Morsi, M., Nellis, G. F., Abdo, A., and Engelstad, R. L., "Predicting Air Entrainment during the Filling and Scanning Process for Immersion Lithography" Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Vol. 22, Nov/Dec, pp. 3444-3449, (2004)

Freund, S., Klein, S. A., and Reindl, D. T., "A Semi-empirical Method to Estimate Enthalpy Exchanger Performance and a Comparison of Alternative Frost Control Strategies", Int. Journal of HVAC&R Research, Vol. 9, p. 493-508 (2003)

Stuetzle, T., Blair, N. J., Beckman, W. A., Mitchell, J. W., "Use of Linear Predictive Control for a Solar Electric Generating System" SSB, (2002)

Ahmed, O., Mitchell, J. W., and Klein, S. A., "Feedforward-Feedback Controller Using GRNN (General Regression Neural Network) for Laboratory HVAC Systems: Part III-Temperature Control- Heating" ASHRAE Trans., 104, 2, (1998)

Ahmed, O., Mitchell, J. W., and Klein, S. A., "Feedforward-Feedback Controller Using GRNN (General Regression Neural Network) for Laboratory HVAC Systems: Part II- Temperature Control- Cooling" ASHRAE Trans., 104, 2, (1998)

Ahmed, O., Mitchell, J. W., and Klein, S. A., "Feedforward-Feedback Controller Using GRNN (General Regression Neural Network) for Laboratory HVAC Systems: Part I- Pressure Control" ASHRAE Trans., 104, 2, (1998)

Ahmed, O., Mitchell, J. W., and Klein, S. A., "Validation of Thermal and Pressure Models in a Laboratory Simulator" ASHRAE Trans., 104, 2, (1998)

Beckman, W. A. (1998). "Modern Computing Methods in Solar Energy Analysis." Solar Energy 55(1): 21.

Mitchell, J. W., and Singh, G., "Energy Savings from Pump Impeller Trimming" ASHRAE Journal, April 1998: p. 60-64. (1998)

Rottmayer, S. P., Beckman, W. A., and Mitchell, J. W., "Simulation of a Single Vertical U-Tube Ground Heat Exchanger in an Infinite Medium" ASHRAE Trans., 8-1: p. 1-9. (1997)

Klein, S. A., McLinden, M. O., and Laesecke, A., "An Improved Extended Corresponding States Method for Estimation of Viscosity of Pure Refrigerants and Mixtures" Int. J. Refrig., vol. 20, no 3: p. 208-217, (1997)

Flake, B. A., Mitchell, J. W., Beckman, W. A. (1997). "Parameter Estimation for Multiresponse Nonlinear Chilled-Water Plant Models." ASHRAE Trans. 103(1).

Ahmed, O., Mitchell, J. W., Klein, S. A. (1996). "Influence of Heat Load on Selection of Laboratory Design Parameters and Dynamic Performance of Laboratory Environment." ASHRAE Trans. 102.

Ahmed, O., Mitchell, J. W., Klein, S. A. (1996). "Application of General Regression Neural Network (GRNN) in HVAC Process Identification and Control." ASHRAE Trans. 102.

Cragan, K. E., Arny, M. D., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A. (1996). "The Impact of an Ensemble of Solar Domestic Water Heating Systems on a Utility." Advances in Solar Energy 10: Chap. 2.

Ibrahim, O. M., Klein, S. A. (1996). "Absorption Power Cycles." Energy 21: 1.

Kawashima, M., Dorgan, C. E., Mitchell, J. W. (1996). "Optimizing System Control with Load Predictions by Neural Networks for an Ice Storage System." ASHRAE Trans. 102: 1.

Carey, C., Mitchell, J. W., Beckman, W. A., (1995). "The Control of Ice Storage Systems." ASHRAE Transactions 101: 1.

Cross, J. K., Beckman, W. A., Mitchell, J. W., Knebel, D. E., Reindl, D. T., (1995). "An Evaluation of Thermal Storage Options for Combustion Turbine Inlet Air Cooling." ASME 1995. AES-Vol. 35.

Cross, J. K., Beckman, W. A., Mitchell, J. W., Reindl, D. T., Knebel, D. E., (1995). "Modeling of Hybrid Combustion Turbine Inlet Air Cooling Systems." ASHRAE Trans. 101: 2.

Fiscal, A., Thornton, J., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A. (1995). "Developments to the TRNSYS Simulation Program." Journal of Solar Energy Engineering 123: 5.

Gansler, R. A., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A. (1995). "Investigation of Minute Solar Radiation Data." Solar Energy 55(1): 21.

Ibrahim, O. M., Klein, S. A. (1995). "High-Power Multi-Stage Rankine Cycles." Transactions of the ASME. 117.

Kawashima, M., Dorgan, C. E., Mitchell, J. W. (1995). "Hours by Arima, Ewma, LR, and an Artificial Neural Network." ASHRAE Transactions 101: 1.

Koeppel, E. A., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W. (1995). "Commercial Absorption Chiller Models for Evaluation of Control Strategies." ASHRAE Transactions 101: 1.

Koeppel, E. A., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W., Flake, B.A., (1995). "Optimal Supervising Control of an Absorption Chiller System." HVAC&R Research Oct.

McDowell, T., Mitchell, J. W., Klein, S. A., (1995). "Investigating of Ammonia Secondary Fluid Systems in Supermarket Refrigeration Systems." ASHRAE Trans. 101: 1.

Stiesch, G., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W. (1995). "Performance of Rotary Heat and Mass Exchangers." HVAC&R Research Oct.

Solar Energy. (1995). "The Cumulative Subject and Author Index for Volumes 40-51, 1988-1993." The Journal of the International Solar Energy Society.

Beckman, W. A., Thornton, J., Long, S., Wood, B. D. (1994). "Control Problems in Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems." Solar Energy 53: 3.

Emmerich, S. J., Mitchell, J. W., Beckman, W. A. (1994). "Demand Controlled Ventilation in a Multizone Office Building." ASHRAE Trans. and Indoor Environment 3: 331.

Gansler, R., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A. (1994). "Assessment of the Accuracy of Generated Meteorological Data for Use in Solar Energy System Simulation Studies." Solar Energy 53: 3.

Klein, S. A. (1994). "Development of a Thermal Systems Design Course." ASME, Thermodynamics and the Design, Analysis, and Improvement of Energy Systems, AES 33: 147.

Sauer, T. J., Norman, J. W., Mitchell, J. W. (1994). "Surface Roughness and Turbulence Intensity Effects on Scalar Transfer from Soil Surfaces." American Society of Agronomy.

Thornton, J. W., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W. (1994). "Dedicated Mechanical Subcooling Design Strategies for Supermarket Applications." Int. J. Refrig. 17(8): 503.

Tompkins, D. T., Vanderby, R., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A., Steeves, R. A., Frye, D. M., Paliwal, B. R. (1994). "Temperature dependent Verses Constant rate Blood Perfusion Modeling in Ferromagnetic Thermoseed Hyperthermia: Results with a Model of the Human Prostate." Int. J. Hyperthermia 10(4): 517.

Tompkins, D. T., Vanderby, R., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A., Steeves, R. A., Paliwal, B. R. (1994). "Effect of Interseed Spacing, Tissue Perfusion, Thermoseed Temperatures and Catheters in Ferromagnetic Hyperthermia: Results from Simulations Using Finite Element Models of Thermoseeds and Catheters." IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 41(10): 975.

Tompkins, D. T., Vanderby, R., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A., Steeves, R. A., Paliwal, B. R. (1994). "The Use of Generalized Cell survival Data in a Physiologically Based Objective Function for Hypothermia Treatment Planning: A Sensitivity Study with a Simple Tissue Model Implanted with an Array of Ferromagnetic Thermoseeds." Int. J. Radiation Oncology Biol. Phys. 30(4): 929.

Beckman, W. A., Duffie, J. A. (1993). "Equation Solving in Solar Energy Engineering Courses." Progress in Solar Energy Education 3: 34.

Davidson, J. H., Carlson, W. T., Duff, W. S., Schaefer, P. J., Beckman, W. A., Klein, S. A. (1993). "Comparison of Experimental and Simulated Thermal Ratings of Drain Back Solar Water Heaters." Journal of Solar Engineering 115: 101.

Ibrahim, O. M., Klein, S. A. (1993). "Thermodynamic Properties of Ammonia Water Mixtures." ASHRAE Trans. Symposia 21(2): 1495.

Jekel, T. B., Mitchell, J. W., Klein, S. A. (1993). "Modeling of Ice Storage Tanks." ASHRAE Trans. Symposia 10(2): 1016.

Klein, S. A. (1993). "Development and Integration of an Equation Solving Program for Engineering Thermodynamics." Computer Applications in Engineering Education 1: 3.

Kleinbach, E. M., Beckman, W. A., Klein, S. A. (1993). "Performance Study of One Dimensional Models for Stratified Thermal Storage Tanks." Solar Energy 50: 2.

Knight, K. M., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W. (1993). "Analysis of a Rotary Adsorbent Filter for Indoor Air Quality Control." ASHRAE Trans. Symposia 4(1): 811.

Van Orshoven, D., Beckman, W. A., Klein, S. A. (1993). "An Investigation of Water as a Refrigerant." Journal of Energy Resources Technology 115(4): 257.

Ibrahim, O. M., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W. (1992). "Effects of Irreversibility and Economics on the Performance of Heat Engine." Jour of Solar Energy Engineering 114: 267.

Jekel, T. B., Mitchell, J. W., Klein, S. A. (1992). "Operational Strategies for Reducing Coil Loads." ASHRAE Trans. AN 92 8 4: 919.

Klein, S. A. (1992). "Design Considerations for Refrigeration Cycles." Rev. In. Froid 15: 3.

Nordgaard, A., Beckman, W. A. (1992). "Modeling of Flat Plate Collectors Based on Monolithic Silica Aerogel." Solar Energy 49: 5.

Reindl, D. T., Beckman, W. A. and Mitchell, J. W. (1992). "Transient Natural Convection in Enclosures With Applications to Solar Thermal Storage Tanks." Journal of Solar Energy Engineering 114: 175.

Ghoneim, A. A., Klein, S. A., Duffie, J. A. (1991). "Analysis of Collector Storage Building Walls Using Phase Change Materials." Solar Energy 47: 3.

Ibrahim, O. M., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W. (1991). "Optimum Heat Power Cycles for Specified Boundary Conditions." Trans of the ASME 113.

Klein, S. A. (1991). "An Explanation for Observed Compression Ratios in Internal Combustion Engines." J. of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 113.

Knight, K. M., Klein, S. A., et al. (1991). "A Methodology for the Synthesis of Hourly Weather Data." Solar Energy 46: 2.

Knoespel, P. E., Mitchell, J. W., Beckman, W. A. (1991). "Macroscopic Model of Indoor Air Quality and Automatic Control of Ventilation Airflow." ASHRAE 97(2): 1.

Minnerly, B. V., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A. (1991). "A Rating Procedure for Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems Based on ASHRAE 95 Test Results." Solar Energy 47(6): 405.

Mitchell, J. W., Boyens, A. (1991). "Experimental Validation of a Methodology for Determining Heating System Control Strategies." ASHRAE Trans. 97: 2.

Prichard, B. A., Beckman, W. A. Mitchell, J. W. (1991). "Heat Pump Water Heaters for Restaurant Applications." Int'l Jour of Ambient Energy 12: 2.

Rau, J. J., Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W. (1991). "Characteristics of Lithium Chloride in Rotary Heat and Mass Exchangers." Int'l Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 34: 11.

Reindl, D. T., Beckman, W. A., Mitchell, J. W., Rutland, C. J. (1991). "Benchmarking Transient National Convection in an Enclosure." ASME Natural Heat Transfer HT 8.

Ibrahim, O. M., Ghoneim, A. A., et al. (1990). "Solar Industrial Process Heat Potential in Khartoum, Sudan." Solar and Wind Technology 7: 6.

Klein, H., Klein, S. A., et al. (1990). "Analysis of Regenerative Enthalpy Exchangers." Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 33: 4.

Klein, S. A. and Beckman, W. A. (1990). "Use of Computer Tools in Teaching Mechanical Engineering Thermodynamics." Mechanical Engr. News 27: 3.

Pape, F. L. F., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1990). "Optimal Control and Fault Detection in Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning Systems." ASHRAE Transactions 97: 1.

Reindl, D. T., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1990). "Evaluation of Hourly Tilted Surface Radiation Models." Solar Energy 45: 1.

Reindl, D. T., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1990). "Diffuse Fraction Correlations." Solar Energy 45: 2.

Ruud, M. D., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1990). "Use of Building Thermal Mass to Offset Cooling Loads." ASHRAE Transactions 96: 2.

Seem, J. E., Klein, S. A., et al. (1990). "Model Reduction of Transfer Functions Using a Dominant Root Method." J. of Heat Transfer 112: 547.

Van den Bulck, E. and Klein, S. A. (1990). "A Single-Blow Test Procedure for Compact Heat and Mass Exchangers." J. of Heat Transfer 112: 317.

Beckman, W. A. (1989). "Solar Design Methods." Proc. Material Science & the Physics of Nonconventional Energy Sources.

Beckman, W. A. and Mitchell, J. W. (1989). "Theoretical Limits for Storage of Energy in Buildings." Solar Energy 42, 2: 113.

Braun, J. E., Klein, S. A., et al. (1989). "Methodologies for Optimal Control of Chilled Water Systems Without Storage." ASHRAE Trans. 95: 1.

Braun, J. E., Klein, S. A., et al. (1989). "Effectiveness Models for Cooling Towers and Cooling Coils." ASHRAE Trans 95, 2: 164.

Braun, W. A., Klein, S. A., et al. (1989). "Applications of Optimal Control to Chilled Water Systems Without Storage." ASHRAE Trans. 95: 1.

Ghoneim, A. A. (1989). "Comparison of Theoretical Models of Phase-Change and Sensible Heat Storage for Air and Water-Based Solar Heating Systems." Solar Energy 42, 3: 209.

Ghoneim, A. A. and Klein, S. A. (1989). "The Effect of Phase-Change Material Properties on the Performance of Solar Air-Based Heating Systems." Solar Energy 42, 6: 441.

Schultz, K. and Mitchell, J. W. (1989). "Comparison of the DESSIM Model With a Finite Difference Solution for Rotary Desiccant Dehumidifiers." Trans. of the ASME 111: 286.

Seem, J. E., Klein, S. A., et al. (1989). "Comprehensive Room Transfer Functions for Efficient Calculation of the Transient Heat Transfer Process in Buildings." ASME Jour of Heat Transfer 111: 264.

Seem, J. E., Klein, S. A., et al. (1989). "Transfer Functions for Efficient Calculation of Multidimensional Transient Heat Transfer." ASME Jour of Heat Transfer 111: 5.

Stevens, D. I., Braun, J. E., et al. (1989). "An Effectiveness Model of Liquid-Desiccant System Heat/Mass Exchangers." Solar Energy 42, 6: 449.

Duffie, J. A., Klein, S. A., et al. (1988). "TRNSYS Evolution." Solar Today 12(Nov-Dec).

Fanney, A. H. and Klein, S. A. (1988). "Thermal Performance Comparisons for Solar Hot Water Systems Subjected to Various Collector and Heat Exchanger Flow Rates." Solar Energy 40: 1.

Klein, S. A., D. R. Nugent, et al. (1988). "Investigation of Control Alternatives for a Steam Turbine Driven Chiller." ASHRAE Trans. 94,: 1.

Sick, F., Bushulte, T. K., et al. (1988). "Analysis of the Seasonal Performance of Hybrid Liquid Desiccant Cooling Systems." Solar Energy 40, 3: 211.

Van den Bulck, E., Klein, S. A., et al. (1988). "Second Law Analysis of Solid Desiccant Rotary Dehumidifiers." Trans. of the ASME 110(February): 2.

Braun, J. E., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1987). "Models for Variable-Speed Centrifugal Chillers." ASHRAE Trans 93: 1.

Braun, J. E., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1987). "Performance and Control Characteristics of a Large Cooling System." ASHRAE Trans 93: 1.

Crum, D. R., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1987). "Indirect Evaporative Cooler Performance." ASHRAE Trans.

Fanney, A. H. and Klein, S. A. (1987). "Comparison of Experimental and Calculated Performance of Integral Collector-Storage Solar Water Heaters." Solar Energy 38: 5.

Klein, S. A. and Beckman, W. A. (1987). "Loss-of-Load Probabilities for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic Systems." Solar Energy 39: 6.

Malkin, M. P., Klein, S. A., et al. (1987). "A Design Method for Thermosyphon Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engineering 109: 150.

Schultz, K., Barlow, R., et al. (1987). "An Analysis of a Direct Radiation Solar Dehumidification System." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engineering 109: 15.

Beckman, W. A. and Klein, S. A. (1986). "Review of Solar Radiation Utilizability." ASME of Solar Energy 60.

Price, H. W., Klein, S. A., et al. (1986). "Analysis of Boiling Flat-Plate Collectors." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 108: 150.

Van Den Bulck, E., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1986). "The Use of Dehumidifiers in Desiccant Cooling and Dehumidification Systems." Trans. ASME, J. of Heat Transfer 108: 684.

Braun, J. E. and G. L. Morrison (1985). "System Modeling and Operation Characteristics of Thermosyphon Solar Water Heaters." Solar Energy 34, 4, 5: 389.

Burns, P. R., Mitchell, J. W., Beckman, W. A. (1985). "Hybrid Desiccant Cooling Systems in Supermarket Applications." ASHRAE Trans. 91.

Erbs, D. G., Klein, S. A., et al. (1985). "A Simple Distribution Method for Two-Dimensional Temperature /Humidity Bin Data." ASHRAE Trans. 91: 2.

Evans, B. L., Klein, S. A., et al. (1985). "A Design Method for Active-Passive Hybrid Space Heating Systems." Solar Energy 35, 2: 189.

Hackner, R. J., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1985). "System Dynamics and Energy Use." ASHRAE Journal 29.

Hackner, R. J., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1985). "HVAC System Dynamics and Energy Use in Buildings-Part II." ASHRAE Trans. 91.

Lau, A. S., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1985). "Development of Computerized Control Strategies for a Large Chilled Water Plant." ASHRAE Trans. 91: 1.

McLinden, M. O. and Klein, S. A. (1985). "Steady-State Modeling of Absorption Heat Pumps with a Comparison to Experiments." ASHRAE Trans 91.

Satyamurty, V. V. and Beckman, W. A. (1985). "Influence of Collector Parameters on Load Fraction and Economic Viability." Solar Energy 35, 6: 497.

Sheridan, J. C. and Mitchell, J. W. (1985). "A Hybrid Solar Desiccant Cooling System." Solar Energy 34, 2: 187.

Theunissen, P. H. and Beckman, W. A. (1985). "Solar Transmittance Characteristics of Evacuated Tubular Collectors with Diffuse Back Reflectors." Solar Energy 35, 4: 311.

Van Den Bulck, E., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1985). "Design Theory for Rotary Heat and Mass Exchangers - I. Wave Analysis of Rotary Heat and Mass Exchangers with Infinite Transfer Coefficients." Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 28, 8: 1575.

Van Den Bulck, E., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1985). "Design Theory for Rotary Heat and Mass Exchangers - II. Effectiveness-Number-of-Transfer-Units Method for Rotary Heat and Mass Exchangers." Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 28, 8: 1587.

Wuestling, M. D., Klein, S. A., et al. (1985). "Promising Control Alternatives for Solar Water Heating Systems." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 107: 215.

Zollner, A., Klein, S. A., et al. (1985). "A Performance Prediction Methodology for Integral Collection-Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 107: 265.

Brandemuehl, M. J. and Banks, P. J. (1984). "Rotary Heat Exchangers With Time Varying or Nonuniform Inlet Temperatures." Trans. ASME, J. Heat Transfer 106: 750.

Clark, D. R., Klein, S. A., et al. (1984). "A Method for Estimating the Performance of Photovoltaic Systems." Solar Energy 6: 551.

Erbs, D. G., Klein, S. A., et al. (1984). "Sol-Air Heating and Cooling Degree-Days." Solar Energy 33: 6, 605.

Hackner, R. J., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1984). "HVAC System Dynamics and Energy Use in Existing Buildings, Part I." ASHRAE Trans. 90(2): 153.

Jesch, L. F. and Braun, J. E. (1984). "Variable Volume Storage and Stratified Storage for Improved Water Heater and Performance." Solar Energy 33: 1, 83.

Jurinak, J. J. and Mitchell, J. W. (1984). "Recirculation of Purged Flow in an Adiabatic Counterflow Rotary Dehumidifier." Trans. ASME, J. Heat Transfer 106: 369.

Jurinak, J. J., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1984). "Open-Cycle Desiccant Air Conditioning as an Alternative to Vapor Compression Cooling in Residential Applications." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr 106: 252.

Klein, S. A. and Beckman, W. A. (1984). "Review of Solar Radiation Utilizability." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 106: 393.

Mitchell, J. W. and J. J. Jurinak (1984). "Effect of Matrix Properties on the Performance of a Counterflow Rotary Dehumidifier." ASME Trans. J. of Heat Transfer 106: 638.

Mitchell, J. W., E. Van den Bulck, Klein, S. A. (1984). "The Design of Dehumidifiers for Use in Desiccant Cooling and Dehumidification Systems." Trans. ASME J. of Heat Transfer 84-HT-32.

O'Dell, J. P., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1984). "Design Method and Performance of Heat Pumps with Refrigerant-Filled Solar Collectors." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr 106: 159.

Yard, D. C., M. Gibson-Morton, et al. (1984). "Simplified Dimensionless Relations for Heat Loss from Basements." ASHRAE Trans. 90: 1.

Braun, J. E., Klein, S. A., et al. (1983). "An Improved Design Method for Solar Water Heating Systems." Solar Energy 31, 6: 597.

Braun, J. E. and J. C. Mitchell (1983). "Solar Geometry for Fixed and Tracking Surfaces." Solar Energy 31, 5: 439.

Clark, D. R., Klein, S. A., et al. (1983). "Algorithm for Evaluating the Hourly Radiation Utilizability Function." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 105: 281.

Duffie, J. A. and Mitchell, J. W. (1983). "F-Chart: Predictions and Measurements." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 105: 3.

Erbs, D. G., Klein, S. A., et al. (1983). "Estimation of Degree Days and Ambient Temperature Bin Data from Monthly-Average Temperatures." ASHRAE Journal June: 60.

Klein, S. A. (1983). "Computers in the Design of Passive Solar Systems." Passive Solar Journal 2: 1.

Klein, S. A. and Fanney, A. H. (1983). "Performance of Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems at the National Bureau of Standards-Measurements and Predictions." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 105: 311.

Klein, S. A. and Fanney, A. H. (1983). "A Rating Procedure for Solar Domestic Water Heating Systems." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 105: 430.

Klein, S. A., R. Radermacher, et al. (1983). "Investigation of the Part-Load Performance of an Absorption Chiller." ASHRAE Trans 89: 1.

McLinden, M. O. and Klein, S. A. (1983). "Simulation of an Absorption Heat Pump Solar Heating and Cooling System." Solar Energy 31, 5: 473.

O'Dell, M. P., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1983). "Solar Heat Pump Systems with Refrigerant Filled Collectors." ASHRAE Trans. 89: 1.

Beckman, W. A., Duffie, J. A., et al. (1982). "F-Load, A Building Heating-Load Calculation Program." ASHRAE Trans 88, 2.

Clark, D. R., Klein, S. A., et al. (1982). "Algorithm for Evaluating the Hourly Radiation Utilizability Function." ASME Journal of Solar Energy Engr. 82-WA/Sol: 19.

Erbs, D. G., Klein, S. A., et al. (1982). "Estimation of the Diffuse Radiation Fraction for Hourly, Daily and Monthly-Average Global Radiation." Solar Energy 28,4: 293.

Manton, B. E. and Mitchell, J. W. (1982). "A Regional Comparison of Solar, Heat Pump, and Solar-Heat Pump Systems." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy 104: 158.

Meyer, B. A., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1982). "Convective Heat Transfer in Vee-Trough Linear Concentrators." Solar Energy 28, 1: 33.

Monsen, W. A., Klein, S. A., et al. (1982). "The Un-utilizability Design Method for Collector Storage Walls." Solar Energy 29, 5: 421.

Braun, J. W., Klein, S. A., et al. (1981). "Seasonal Storage of Energy in Solar Heating." Solar Energy 26: 403.

Klein, S. A. and Theilacker, J. C. (1981). "An Algorithm for Calculating Monthly-Average Radiation on Inclined Surfaces." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy 103: 29.

Mitchell, J. C., Theilacker, J. C., et al. (1981). "Calculation of Monthly Average Collector Operating Time and Parasitic Energy Requirements." Solar Energy 26: 555.

Monsen, W. A., Klein, S. A., et al. (1981). "Prediction of Direct-Gain Solar Heating System Performance." Solar Energy 27, 2: 143.

Siegel, M. D., Klein, S. A., et al. (1981). "A Simplified Method for Estimating the Monthly-Average Performance of Photovoltaic Systems." Solar Energy 26: 413.

Svard, C. D., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1981). "Design Procedure and Application of Solar Assisted Series Heat Pump Systems." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr.

Anderson, J. W., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1980). "A Design Method for Parallel Solar-Heat Pump Systems." Solar energy 25: 155.

Brandemuehl, M. J. and Beckman, W. A. (1980). "Transmission of Diffuse Radiation Trough CPS and Flat Plate Collector Glazing." Solar Energy 24: 511.

Mitchell, J. W., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1980). "Comparisons of Measured and Simulated Performance for CSU Solar House I." Trans. ASME, J. Solar Energy Engr. 102.

Persons, R. W., Duffie, J. A., et al. (1980). "Comparison of Measured and Predicted Rock Bed Storage Performance." Solar Energy 24: 199.

Utzinger, D. M., Klein, S. A., et al. (1980). "The Effect of Air Flow Rate in Collector-Storage Walls." Solar Energy 25: 511.

Brandemuehl, M. J. and Beckman, W. A. (1979). "Economic Evaluation and Optimization of Solar Heating Systems." Solar Energy 23: 1.

Freeman, T. L., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1979). "Performance of Combined Solar-Heat Pump Systems." Solar Energy 22: 125.

Jurinak, J. A. and S. I. Abdel-Khalik (1979). "Sizing Phase-Change Energy Storage Units for Air-Based Solar Heating Systems." Solar Energy 22: 355.

Jurinak, J. J. and S. I. Abdel-Khalik (1979). "On the Performance of Air Based Solar Heating systems Utilizing Phase Change Energy Storage." Energy 4: 503.

Klein, S. A. (1979). " Calculation of Monthly Average Transmittance-Absorptance Product." Solar Energy 23: 547.

Klein, S. A. and Beckman, W. A. (1979). "A General Design Method for Closed-Loop Solar Energy Systems." Solar Energy 22: 269.

Klein, S. A., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1979). "Computers in the Design of Solar Energy Systems." Energy 4: 483.

Pawelski, M. J. and Mitchell, J. W. (1979). "Transfer Functions for Combined Walls and Pitched Roofs." ASHRAE Trans. 85: 2.

Randall, K. R., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1979). "Natural Convection Heat Transfer Characteristics of Flat Plate Enclosures." Trans. ASME, J. Heat Transfer 101: 120.

Utzinger, D. M., and Klein, S. A. (1979). "A Method of Estimating Monthly Average Solar Radiation on Shaded Receivers." Solar Energy 23: 369.

Beckman, W. A. (1978). "Duct and Pipe Losses in Solar Energy Systems." Solar Energy 21: 531.

Beckman, W. A. and e. al. (1978). "Units and Symbols in Solar Energy." Solar Energy 21: 65.

Jurinak, J. J. and S. I. Abdel-Khalik (1978). "Properties Optimization for Phase-Change Energy Storage in Air Based Solar Heating Systems." Solar Energy 21: 377.

Klein, S. A. (1978). "Calculation of Flat-Plate Collector Utilizability." Solar Energy 21: 393.

Mitchell, J. W., T. L. Freeman, et al. (1978). "Heat Pumps: Do They Make Economic and Performance Sense With Solar." Solar Age 3,7: 24.

Morrison, D. J. and S. I. Abdel-Khalik (1978). "Effects of Phase-Change Energy Storage on the Performance of Air Based and Liquid Solar Heating Systems." Solar Energy 20: 57.

Nelson, J. S., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1978). "Simulations of the Performance of Open Cycle Desiccant Systems, Using Solar Energy." Solar Energy 21: 273.

Duffie, J. A., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1977). "Solar Heating in North America." Mechanical Engineering 36(November).

Hughes, P. J., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1977). "Simulation Study of Several Solar Heating Systems with Offpeak Auxiliary." Solar Energy 19: 317.

Klein, S. A. (1977). " Calculation of Monthly Average Insolation on Tilted-Surfaces." Solar Energy 19: 325.

Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1977). "A Design Procedure for Solar Air Heating Systems." Solar Energy 18: 509.

Abdel-Khalik, S. I. (1976). "Heat Removal Factor for a Flat-Plate Solar Collector with a Serpentine Tube." Solar Energy 18: 59.

Beckman, W. A. and Duffie, J. A. (1976). "Solar Heating and Cooling." Science 191: 143.

Freeman, T. L., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1976). "Computer Modeling of Heat Pumps and the Simulation of Solar Heat Pump Systems." Trans. ASME.

Hughes, P. J., Klein, S. A., et al. (1976). "Packed Bed Thermal Storage Models for Solar Air Heating and Cooling Systems." Trans. ASME, J. Heat Transfer 92(C): 4.

Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1976). "A Design Procedure for Solar Heating Systems." Solar Energy 18: 113.

Klein, S. A., Duffie, J. A., et al. (1976). "TRNSYS - A Transient Simulation Program." ASHRAE Trans. 82: 623.

Bailey, R. T., Mitchell, J. W., et al. (1975). "Convective Heat Transfer from a Desert Surface." Trans. ASME, J. Heat Transfer.

Klein, S. A. (1975). "Calculation of Flat-Plate Collector Loss Coefficients." Solar Energy 17: 79.

Klein, S. A. (1975). "A Method of Simulation of Solar Processes and Its Application." Solar Energy 17: 29.

Oonk, R. L., Beckman, W. A., et al. (1975). "Modeling of the CSU Heating/Cooling System." Solar Energy 17: 21.

Butz, L. W., Duffie, J. A., et al. (1974). "Simulation of Solar Heating System." Solar Energy 16: 129.

Gutierrez, G., F. Hincapie, et al. (1974). "Simulation of Forced Circulation Water Heaters." Solar Energy 15: 287.

Klein, S. A., Duffie, J. A., et al. (1974). "Transient Considerations of Flat-Plate Solar-Collectors." Trans. ASME, J. Power 96: 109.

 
 
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